A group in Canada studied nearly 10,000 cardiac arrest patients. They divided their rescue teams into two groups: those who would perform 30-60 seconds of initial CPR, and those who would perform three minutes of CPR. The results showed that about six percent of patients in both groups lived to be discharged from the hospital.
Where the numbers were rather shocking is in the ten percent of patients who had also received bystander CPR and were candidates for defibrilation. Longer CPR actually decreased the odds of survival.
The study, which was published in the September 1 edition of the New England Journal of Medicine, showed that there is no reason to do two minutes of CPR or to delay defibrillation. It doesn’t change anything for bystander CPR, however, so the message to the public is still the same. Bystanders should start CPR right away, this trial does not address how helpful CPR is when delivered by a bystander at the scene.
Getting to the defibrillator sooner is more helpful for cardiac arrest patients.
We’re working on something that could (and should) revolutionize CPR training, to make it affordable to all high and middle schools nationwide. It should be ready in the next couple of weeks or so.Visit StudentCPR.com today!
If you’d like to know more, feel free to contact us. Sorry to be vague, but we’d like to launch with a big splash.
That said, here’s a story that reminds us all that learning CPR in school could prove to be the most valuable training in someone’s life.
A 13-year-old boy is expected to be okay, but there is no word on the condition of a 9-year-old who nearly drowned in an apartment complex swimming pool Monday evening.
Sioux Falls Police say the two boys were visiting friends at the apartments near East 10th Street and decided to go for a swim before they left. The 9-year-old boy slipped and fell into the deep end; the 13-year-old boy jumped into save him, but neither boy could swim. Fortunately, two teenagers heard the commotion, pulled the boys from the water and began performing CPR.
CPR courses in school helped save the lives of two boys at a Sioux Falls swimming pool.
The two teenagers who pulled the boys from a Sioux Falls pool Monday evening and started CPR say it’s a skill they never thought they’d need to use.
“To be able to have the initiative to get down there and just do it, that’s what it’s all about. You have to get down and help that person,” Sioux Falls Fire and Rescue Captain Kelly Grogan said.
In a situation that could have ended in tragedy, a two year old’s life was saved. A ten year old girl named Annie, who has Downs Syndrome, recognized that the two year old child was in trouble, having fallen into the pool, and told twelve year old Sophia. Sophia alerted her grandmother Lianne who jumped in and rescued the child using CPR.
“I put him on the ground, and I began CPR. And then he began to gurgle. And when he finally began to gurgle, I rolled him over, tried to get the water out of his lungs,” Lianne Azevedo said. The EMT’s praised Lianne for her fast action that saved the little boy’s life. Little Brady Dones was awake and alert when he went to the hospital, and he’s expected to be okay.
A Bald Eagle was rescued recently with CPR. The rescuer performed mouth to beak rescue breaths on the bird in his efforts. The bird is still on the way to recovery, and has since been given the name Patriot.
Two La Pine women found the bald eagle, apparently hit by a car, near Crane Prairie Reservoir last month. Three weeks later, about halfway through a hoped-for recovery period, the bird’s fractured wing is healing, as is his dislocated elbow and wrist, said Dr. Jeff Cooney of Bend Veterinary Clinic.
He’s now eating fish like crazy, but a few days ago they had him under anesthesia for an examination, and he stopped breathing. Dr. Cooney stepped in and gave the eagle rescue breaths. He did say that if the bird doesn’t continue to make a full recovery, they may be forced to euthanize so that it doesn’t have to continue living in pain. He had a dislocated shoulder that surgery wouldn’t repair.
If he continues to improve, we’ll know in the next three weeks, and he may go to a good home at any of a number of animal sanctuaries around the country.
Update: Just to let everyone know, Patriot’s wing bandage came off on Tuesday. His wing was not nearly as droopy as Dr. Cooney expected it might be. He is holding it up, off the ground, quite well! Plus, he is standing even a little better on that paralyzed leg! His toes are in “normal” positions. In recent weeks, his halux (the rear facing toe) was folded under his foot, as he was not able to move it or control it. Now, he is placing it normally!! Yay! (via)
Minimizing pauses or interruptions in chest compressions before a defibrillator shock for cardiac arrest may maximize survival according to the latest research. This is stressed in AHA guidelines because of prior studies of inhospital cardiac arrest outcomes in prior studies.
For every additional five seconds of delay, the chance of survival to hospital discharge was reduced by 18% for pauses before administering the shock. It was reduced by 14% for overall delays before or after the shock.
Each additional five seconds of delay reduced the chance of survival to hospital discharge by 18% for pauses before administering the shock and by 14% for overall delays before or after the shock in registry data analyzed by Sheldon Cheskes, MD, of the University of Toronto, and colleagues.
In what is quickly becoming a very popular class around the world, CPR for Dogs has been taught to firefighters in the first of 13 classes that are scheduled to train all firefighters in Bonner County, Idaho.
It’s not all entirely new information, as CPR for dogs has a lot of overlap with CPR for humans.
A lot of times firefighters end up having to adapt equipment they use on humans to save animal lives. Animal oxygen masks come in handy; firefighters think it will be particularly useful. “Especially in the winter time we’ve had some incidents where some dogs have fallen in the water. By the time we’ve gotten to them they’re no longer alive. We could’ve possibly done some resuscitation efforts to see if we could’ve helped them,” Captain Michael Gow of Sandpoint Fire said. The animal oxygen masks, time and effort are all donated.
In Washington state there is a community of paramedics and other first responders who are now learning a new method of CPR. It’s not a different style or format, as I had thought, but rather a new emphasis on getting CPR started as soon as possible, and keeping those compressions going without pausing. It seems to me that the Hands-Only CPR training has been followed up with healthcare professionals looking for ways in which to speed up the process as well.
They call it High Performance CPR.
The medical professionals will now set aside all other medical interruptions and make CPR the main focus when they arrive at a scene of a cardiac arrest. ”For every minute that goes by without CPR after a cardiac arrest, 10% of those people will die” said Kevin Hodges M.D., EMS Medical Program Director.
Nearly two-thirds (64 percent) of people say they would be more likely to perform CPR on someone if they did not need to have mouth-to-mouth contact such as through rescue breaths, according to an American Red Cross survey.
“Hands-Only CPR is an effective lifesaving technique especially for an untrained bystander who witnesses someone suddenly collapse,” said Dr. David Markenson, chair, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council. “Full CPR is recommended for infants, children and those with respiratory problems.”
The national survey of more than 1,000 adults found that when needed, people are more willing to perform Hands-Only CPR (chest compressions without rescue breaths) than full CPR (series of chest compressions and rescue breaths) on strangers – regardless of age, gender or appearance of the person in need of help.
In another story that should prove to be a good reason for anyone to learn CPR, a man from Lowell, Michigan recently learned CPR and only eleven days after his class he was forced to use it in a real-life situation – on his son. Logan, 4, was over at a neighbors, and fell out of his tube into the pool. He was underwater for about a minute before being scooped out of the pool by a nearby adult. His father heard a scream and Logan’s name, and that’s all he needed to hear before he sprang into action to save his son.